正德厚生,臻于至善

学习EBS建议有的知识109题

1001
ORACLE EBS学习的其他资源有哪四个?
答:
–MetaLink
–Appsworld
–Appsnet
–Oracle Technology Network (OTN)

1002
ORACLE OPEN WORLD大会是不是一个市场营销活动?
答:
OOW不是一个市场营销活动,是一个全球技术交流大会,oracle会在OOW上宣布一系列新产品、新技术,并举行专题讲座和产品演示。2013年OOW将在上海举行。

1003
Oracle 大学有哪五种课程?
答:
– Instructor-Led Training (ILT)
– Live WebClass (LWC)
– Recorded WebClass (RWC)
– iLearning (Oracle University Knowledge Centre [OUKC])
– Self-Service CD-ROM (SSCD)

1004
多个责任分配给一个人,是多对一关系,还是一对多关系?
答:
多个责任分配给一个人,是多对一关系。

1005
一个责任分配给多个人,是什么样的关系?
答:
一个责任分配给多个人,是一对多的关系。

1006
双+号和双-号,分别是做什么用的?
答:
双+号:
Expand All expands all the sublevels of all expandable items in the navigation list.
在导航列表中展开所有可以展开的子层。
双-号:
Collapse All collapses all currently expanded items in the navigation list.
把展开的菜单全部折叠回去。

1007
ORACLE应用系统间的数据流有哪四步,注意顺序不能错?
答:
ORACLE应用系统间的数据流有四步:data entry–forms–tables–oracle server

1008
不同的字段颜色,有不同的功能,系统中有哪5种颜色,他们分别是做什么用的?
答:
不同的字段颜色,有不同的功能,系统中有哪5种颜色,他们分别是:
White:It allows data entry.
白色:允许录入数据
Blue with Black text:It indicates drilldown capability
蓝色字段黑色文本:下拉列表
Yellow:It requires data entry.
黄色:必须录入数据
White with Green text:It is display only
白色字段绿色文本:仅显示字段
Blue:It indicates fields to use in “Query-Enter” mode.
蓝色:查询输入模式

1009
创建记录有哪些方式?
答:
创建记录有3种方式:直接点击new、直接点击绿色+号新建图标、(M) File > New

1010
保存记录有哪些方式?
答:
保存记录有3种方式:菜单栏直接点击save、点击保存图标、(M) File > Save

1011
编辑记录有哪些方式?
答:
编辑记录有3种方式:菜单栏直接点击Edit、点击编辑图标、(M) Edit > Record
1012
清除数据功能,可以清除哪些四种类型的数据?
答:
清除数据功能,可以清除四种类型的数据:record、filed、block、form
记录、字段、块、表单。

1013
查询与查找功能对比,分别列出4种?
答:
查询模式:菜单栏/F11、当前窗口、通配符、查询计数
查找模式:菜单栏/工具栏、查找窗口、值列表、没有查找计数

1014
如何使用查询模式?
答:
(M) View > Query By Example > Enter:
–Enter the search criteria.
–(M) View > Query By Example > Run.
–(M) View > Query By Example > Cancel.
输入查询条件,运行查询,取消查询。

1015
查询运算符有哪些?如何使用他们?
答:查询运算符有:
= 等于 如=’a’ =1
!=不等于 如!=’a’ !=1
> 大于
>=大于等于
<小于
<=小于等于
#between 介于之间 如#between 1 and 10

1016
有哪两种通配符?他们分别表示什么意思?
答:
%查找所有的
?一个一个搜索
1017
如果查看联机帮助?
答:
工具栏上点击?号或者菜单栏(M) Help > Window Help
1018
完整的电子商务套件有哪7个优点?
答:
–Available in multiple languages 支持多语言
–Supports multiple currencies 支持多币种
–Supports flexible management of business processes 支持灵活管理业务流程
–Has a common data model 公用数据模型
–Supports statutory and customary local requirements  支持本地化 本地法规和惯例
–Is built on open standards 建立在开放的标准上
–Collaborates with trading partners 和贸易伙伴进行协作

1019
电子商务套件的体系有哪4个?
答:
桌面层、应用层、数据库层、网络连接

1020
电子商务套件的产品系统有哪6个?
答:
–Oracle Financials  oracle财务
–Project Management Product Suite 项目管理产品套件
–Supply Chain Planning and Management Suite 供应链计划和管理套件
–Oracle Manufacturing: Discrete and Process Management  Oracle制造:离散管理和流程管理
–Human Resources Management System Suite 人力资源管理系统套件
–Customer Relationship Management Suite 客户关系管理套件

1021
EBS R12有哪两种结构?
答:
–Business architecture 业务结构
–Technical architecture 技术结构

1022
Oracle Applications R12 业务结构有哪5个基本特点?
答:
–Modern Foundation 基于最新技术
–Complete 全面
–End-to-end Integration 端到端的集成
–Global 全球化
–Rapid Implementation 快速实施

1023
Oracle Applications R12 技术结构有哪4个基本特点?
答:
–Forms-based 基于表单
–Self-service (HTML/JSPs) 自助服务
–Business Intelligence  业务智能
–Mobile 移动的

1024
Oracle Applications R12 基本技术架构分几层?各层分别是什么?
答:
Oracle Applications R12 基本技术架构分3层:分别是
Desktop/Client Tier 桌面/客户层
Application Tier 应用逻辑层
Database Tier 数据库逻辑层

1025
Oracle Applications 的应用层主要由哪六台服务器组成?
答:
Web server、Forms server、Concurrent Processing server、Discoverer server、Reports server、Administration server

1026
Oracle Applications 技术层是其功能将应用于所有 Oracle Applications 模块的组件的完整集合。Oracle Applications 技术层中的组件包括哪8个?
答:
应用产品DBA (AD)
应用对象程序库 (FND)
应用产品公用程序 (AU)
公用模块 (AK)
工作流 (WF)
预警 (ALR)
Oracle Applications Framework (OAF)
Oracle XML Publisher (XDO) 最新叫法为:Oralce BI publisher

1027
Oracle Applications 文件系统:应用层使用不同 Oracle 产品中的组件。产品文件存储在多个顶层目录中,
APPL_TOP,COMMON_TOP 或 COMN_TOP,工具组件的ORACLE_HOME,技术堆栈 Java 组件的ORACLE_HOME,他们分别对应的目录是什么?
答:
APPL_TOP对应目录是<db_name>/apps/apps-st/appl 包含oralce电子商务套件的产品目录和文件
COMN_TOP对应目录是<db_name>/apps/apps-st/comn 包含产品间公用的目录和文件
工具组件的ORACLE_HOME对应目录是<db_name>/apps/tech-st/10.1.2
技术堆栈Java组件的ORACLE_HOME对应目录是<db_name>/apps/tech-st/10.1.3
1028
Oracle Applications 文件系统:数据库层有两个目录,他们的目录的路径是什么?有何作用?
答:
DATA_TOP目录 <db_name>/db/apps-st/data 应用产品使用的数据库的数据文件;
ORALCE_HOME目录 <db_name>/db/tech-st/rdbms-version 应用产品使用的数据库软件。

1029
Oracle Applications 产品目录有哪4个,他们的路径分别是什么?
答:
APPL_TOP路径为<db_name>/apps/apps-st/appl
AU_TOP路径为<db_name>/apps/apps-st/appl/au/12.0.0 或 $APPL_TOP/au/12.0.0
FND_TOP路径为<db_name>/apps/apps-st/appl/fnd/12.0.0 或 $APPL_TOP/fnd/12.0.0
INV_TOP路径为<db_name>/apps/apps-st/appl/inv/12.0.0 或 $APPL_TOP/inv/12.0.0
R12新引入了一个INST_TOP路径为<db_name>/inst/apps/<CONTEXT_NAME>,标识应用实例的顶层目录。

1030
Oracle Applications Manager 可以帮助您完成许多任务,有哪5种任务?
答:
(1)配置和管理系统
(2)诊断和更正问题
(3)管理和修补程序
(4)监控和调整性能
(5)监控系统安全性

1031
快速安装有哪4个步骤?
答:
执行安装,执行升级、安装组件、完成安装

1032
“快速安装”将同一个 conf_<SID>.txt 文件存储在三个不同的位置中,它三个位置的路径是什么?
答:
数据库节点:存放在<ORACLE_HOME>/appsutil目录下,该文件将被永久存储,而不会被删除。
应用系统节点:存放在$INST_TOP目录下,该文件将被永久存储,而不会被删除。
临时目录:存放在tmp/<time stamp>目录下,由于只是在快速安装运行过程中使用此文件,所以该文件将在安装完成后自动删除。

1033
什么是共享实体?我们举例中有哪10个共享实体?
答:
–Shared entities in R12 E-Business Suite enable one-time definition of an object and the use of that object across several products.
–Shared entities are “owned” by a single product for table purposes only.
共享实体只需定义一次对象,即可在多个产品中使用。归单个产品所有,仅在表中使用。
如:AOL、Ledger、Unit of Measure、Items、Suppliers、Customers、Sales Force、Employees、Locations、Organizations
应用对像程序库、分类账、单位、物料、供应商、客户、销售队伍、员工、地点、组织

1034
应用对像程序库,包括哪六部分?
答:
Currencies、Site profile options、Languages、Users、Responsibilities、Menus
币种、配置文件、语言、用户、责任、菜单

1035
分类账有4C,他们中文分别是什么?
答:
Chart of Accounts、Calendar、Currency、Convention
科目表、日历、币种、子分类账会计方法

1036
单位的所有者是哪个模块?
答:
库存模块INV

1037
物料的所有者是哪个模块?
答:
库存模块INV

1038
供应商的所有者是哪个模块?
答:
采购模块PO

1039
客户的所有者是哪个模块?
答:
应收模块AR

1040
销售队伍的所有者是哪个模块?
答:
CRM模块

1041
员工的所有者是哪个模块?
答:
人力资源模块HR

1042
地点的所有者是哪个模块?
答:
人力资源模块HR

1043
组织的所有者是哪个模块?
答:
人力资源模块HR

1044
EBS有哪12个基础流程?
答:
Forecast to Plan预测到计划
Procure to Pay采购到付款
Demand to Build需求到生产
Campaign to Order市场活动到订单
Click to Order点击到订单
Order to Cash订购到付款
Contract to Renewal合同到续订
Request to Resolution请求到解决
Project to Profit项目到利润
People to Paycheck人员到薪水
Plan to Replenish计划到补充
Benefits to Payroll福利到工资单

1045
共有哪六个访问控制层?“核心安全性”层包括哪两个?用户管理的是哪4个?
答:
6个访问控制层:
Self Service and Approvals
Registration Processes
Delegated Administration
Role Based Access Control
Data Security
Function Security
“核心安全性”层包括Data Security和Function Security,是必须的;
其余4个是可选的,用户管理。

1046
系统管理员控制层是哪两个,本地管理员控制层是哪两个,最终用户控制层是哪两个?
答:
系统管理员控制层是Data Security和Function Security;
本地管理员控制层是Delegated Administration和Role Based Access Control;
最终用户控制层是Self Service and Approvals和Registration Processes。

1047
最终用户可以自助注册的服务,有哪3种?
答:
–Obtain new user accounts 获取新的用户账户
–Request additional access to the system 请求对系统的其他访问权限
–Reset passwords 重置密码

1048
一个有效的责任至少包括哪两个部分,一个完整的责任的3个内容分别是什么?
答:
一个有效的责任至少包括Data group和Menu  数据组和菜单
一个完整的责任的3个内容分别:Data group、Request security group、Menu  数据组、请求安全组、菜单

1049
定义新责任有哪6个步骤?
答:
(1)Enter application and responsibility name 输入应用产品名和责任名
(2)Enter start and end dates 输入起始日期和终止日期
(3)Select data group 选项数据组
(4)Select menu 选择菜单
(5)Select request group 选项请求组
(6)Enter menu or function exclusions 输入菜单或功能的排除

1050
定义新用户,有哪4步?其中哪3步是必须的?
答:
(1)Enter username and password 输入用户名和密码
(2)Require password change Limit access attempts 要求更改密码限制访问次数
(3)Enter user’s start date 输入用户起始日期
(4)Assign one or more responsibilities 分配一个或多个责任
其中1、3、4是必须的。

1051
数据安全性组件-对象包括对象的哪3个部分?
答:
Objects, object instances, object instance sets
数据对象、对象例程、对象例程集

1052
授权有哪四个功能?
答:
–Define the access given to users through responsibilities
–Can provide access to a limited set of data or to a set of an application’s functionality
–Grants that deal with business objects are part of Data Security.
–Grants that deal with a set of an applications functionality are part of Function Security.
通过责任定义为用户授予的访问权限;
可提供对有限的一组数据或一组应用产品功能的访问权限;
用于处理业务对象的授权,是数据安全性的一部分;
处理一组应用产品功能的授权,是功能安全性的一部分。

1053
配置文件层次结构类型有哪3种?
答:
–Security 安全性
–Organization 组织
–Server 服务器

1054
配置文件安全性层次结构有哪4层?
答:
User level 用户层
Responsibility level 责任层
Application level 应用层
Site level 地点层

1055
配置文件组织层次结构有哪3层?
答:
User level 用户层
Organization level 组织层
Site level 地点层

1056
配置文件服务器层次结构有哪3层?
答:
User level 用户层
Server level 服务器层
Site level 地点层

1057
提交请求的步骤有哪7步?
答:
(1)查看请求
(2)提交一个新请求
(3)单个请求
(4)选中请求
(5)输入参数
(6)提交请求
(7)记录请求标识
Oracle E-Business Suite User’s Guide中的步骤如下:
1. Choose the Program Name from the list of available requests and then enter a
Request Name, which can be used later to search and monitor your request.
Use the Copy… option to choose and submit a request that you have previously
submitted from this responsibility.
2. Define parameters.
3. Determine the output language.
4. Define a schedule.
5. Define the layout.
6. Notify employees.
7. Print the output to:
For printed output, select the print style, printer, copies, and language.
To view your output online or to save your output to a file, select the Save all Output Files check box.
8. Review your choices, make any necessary changes, and submit your request.

1058
使用弹性域结构有哪5个好处?
答:
–Configuration of applications to support your accounting, product, and other codes 配置应用产品以支持会计科目、产品和其他代码
–Construction of intelligent keys 构建智能关键字
–Configuration of applications to capture additional data 配置应用产品以获取其他数据
–Use of the application to validate values and value combinations entered by the user 可以使用应用产品来验证用户输入的值和值组合
–Support for multiple field structures depending on data context 根据数据上下文支持多种字段结构

1059
弹性域有哪两大类?
答:
Key Flexfileds and Descriptive Flexfields
键弹性域和说明性弹性域

1060
键弹性域有哪13个?
答:
General Ledger:总账
Accounting Flexfield 会计科目结构弹性域
Assets:资产
Asset Key Flexfield 资产键弹性域
Location Flexfield 资产地点弹性域
Category Flexfield 资产类别弹性域
Service:服务
Service Item Flexfield 服务项目弹性域
Human Resources:人力资源
People Group Flexfield 人力组弹性域
Job Code Flexfield 职务代码弹性域
Receivables:应收
Territory Flexfield 地区弹性域
Sales Tax Location Flexfield 销售税地点弹性域
Inventory:库存
Item Categories 物料类别弹性域
System Items 系统项目弹性域
Sales Orders 销售订单弹性域
Item Catalogs 物料目录弹性域

1061
键弹性域有哪5个特点?
答:
–Owned by one application; used by many 一个应用产品拥有,多个应用产品使用
–Required to set up, not always required to use 需要设置,但并不一定必须使用
–Supports intelligent keys 支持智能关键字
–Identifies entities 标识实体
–Drives reporting 驱动报表

1062
说明性弹性域有哪4个特点?
答:
–Associated with tables in a specific application 与特定应用的表关联
–Setup is optional 设置是可选的
–No intelligence, stores additional information 不支持智能关键字,存储附加信息
–Captures additional information only 仅收集附加信息

1063
弹性域组件有哪4个部分?
答:
Flexfield/Structure 结构
Segments 段
Values(if needed) 值
Value set – format and validation 值集

1064
实施弹性域的一般步骤有哪5个?
答:
–Plan flexfield segments, structures, value sets, and values 计划弹性域的段、结构、值集、和值
–Define value sets 定义值集
–Define flexfield structure 定义弹性域结构
–Define values 定义值
–Define security and cross-validation rules, if necessary 定义安全性规则和交叉验证性规则

1065
值集一般有哪4个属性?
答:
–Name 名称
–Description 说明
–List type 列表类型
–Security type 安全类型

1066
值集的类型一般有哪8种?
答:
–None: Validation is minimal.
–Independent: Input must exist on the previously-defined list of values.
–Dependent: Input is checked against a subset of values based on a prior value.
–Table: Input is checked against values in an application table.
–Special: Value set uses a flexfield itself.
–Pair: Two flexfields together specify a range of valid values.
–Translatable Independent: Input must exist on previously-defined list of values; translated value can be used.
–Translatable Dependent: Input is checked against a subset of values based on a prior value; translated value can be used.
无:最小验证
独立:输入的内容必须在预先定义的值列表中
从属:与独立值集相关联,从属值集可确保所有的从属值都与相应的独立值相关联
表:允许值列表从应用产品中获取,需要指定SQL查询,以便从表中检索允许的值
特殊:提供另一种弹性域作为单个段的值集
对:组合使用两种弹性域指定有效范围
可转换独立:输入的内容必须在预先定义的值列表中;可以使用转换值
可转换从属:对照前一个值的一组值,对输入进行检查;可以使用转换值

1067
计划数据格式验证,一般有哪7个?
答:
–Format Type: Value data type 格式类型
–Maximum Size: Maximum permitted size for a value 最大长度
–Precision: Number of decimal places 精度
–Numbers Only: Entry of numbers 0–9 only 仅限于数字
–Uppercase Only: Lowercase input becomes uppercase 仅限于大写字母
–Right-Justify Zero-Fill: Shifts number to right, pads from left 右对齐0填充
–Max/Min Values: Beginning and ending values of a range 最大/小值

1068
计划键弹性域一般有哪7步?
答:
–Identify the target flexfield, the information required by Oracle Applications, and any qualifiers.
–Plan the flexfield structure, behavior, and appearance.
–Define the key flexfield structures.
–Define any value sets required and their values.
–Define security rules when appropriate.
–Define cross-validation rules when appropriate.
–Define shorthand aliases as needed.
确定目标弹性域,以及应用系统所需要的信息和限定词
计划弹性域的结构、作用方式、外观
定义弹性域的结构
定义所需的值集和 值集的值
定义安全性规则
定义交叉验证规则
定义快速录入别名

1069
Oracle Applications 使用的智能关键字 指的是什么?
答:
Oracle Applications 使用的智能关键字 指的是 代表键弹性域的唯一数字。
An intelligent key is a code made up of sections, where one or more parts may have
meaning. An intelligent key “code” uniquely identifies an object such as an account, an
asset, a part, or a job. Intelligent keys are useful in applications because they are usually
easier for a user to remember and use than a unique number. For example, a part
number of PAD-YEL-11×14 is much easier to remember than a unique part number of
57494. However, unique ID numbers are easier to maintain in a relational database
application because only one column is required for the ID number, while multiple
columns would be required for an intelligent key (one for each section or segment of the
code). The Oracle E-Business Suite products use key flexfields to represent intelligent
keys with unique ID numbers. That is, an end user sees and works with an
easy-to-remember intelligent key code, while the Oracle E-Business Suite products only
need to store a hidden unique ID number in most tables.

1070
COA键弹性域的限定词,一般有哪6种?
答:
Cost Center segment 成本中心段
Balancing segment 平衡段
Natural account segment 自然账户段
Intercompany segment 公司间段
Management segment
Secondary tracking segment

1071
交叉验证规则的作用是什么?
答:
交叉验证控制输入到弹性域的值组合,防止不应该出现的组合。
Cross-validation (also known as cross-segment validation) controls the combinations of
values you can create when you enter values for key flexfields. A cross-validation rule
defines whether a value of a particular segment can be combined with specific values of
other segments. Cross-validation is different from segment validation, which controls
the values you can enter for a particular segment.
You use cross-validation rules to prevent the creation of combinations that should never
exist (combinations with values that should not coexist in the same combination).

1072
安全性规则的作用是什么?
答:
使用安全性规则来限制用户在输入数据时能够使用的值
Flexfield Value Security gives you the capability to restrict the set of values a user can
use during data entry. With easy-to-define security rules and responsibility level
control, you can quickly set up data entry security on your flexfield segments and
report parameters.
Flexfield Value Security lets you determine who can use flexfield segment values and
report parameter values. Based on your responsibility and access rules that you define,
Flexfield Value Security limits what values you can enter in flexfield pop-up windows
and report parameters. Flexfield Value Security gives you greater control over who can
use restricted data in your application. When you use Flexfield Value Security, users see
only values they are allowed to use; restricted values do not appear in lists of values
associated with the flexfield or report parameter.

1073
快速录入别名的作用是什么?
答:
通过使用较短的别名来表示较长的有效的弹性域组合或有效的段值,达到较快输入键弹性域数据的目的。
Shorthand flexfield entry lets you enter key flexfield data quickly by using shorthand
aliases to represent valid flexfield combinations or patterns of valid segment values. A
shorthand alias is a word or code that represents a complete or partial key flexfield
combination.

1074
上下文的作用是什么?
答:
所有的说明性弹性域都有一个隐藏的上下文字段,用来保存说明性弹性域的结构信息。基于弹性域的设置,用户可以在说明性弹性域窗口看到并修改上下文字段。
允许用户可以手动选择不同的上下文。
All descriptive flexfields have a hidden context field that holds structure information
for the descriptive flexfield (this field is often called ATTRIBUTE_CATEGORY or
CONTEXT). Depending on how you set up the flexfield, a user may also be able to see
and change the context field in the descriptive flexfield window.

1075
全局段有何作用?
答:
定义一个全局段,在系统的所有的地方都可以看到该全局段的弹性域结构,在所有地方都可以录入相应的值。
A global segment is a segment that always appears in the descriptive flexfield pop-up
window (or page, for HTML-based applications), regardless of context (any other
information in your form or page).

1076
确定说明性弹性域名称的过程有哪4步?
答:
1.Click on a field in the same block in which the descriptive flexfield appears.
2.Select Help > Diagnostics > Examine.
3.A window showing information on the selected field appears.
4.Note the name of the block in which the field is located.
单击说明性弹性域所在的块中的某一个字段;
选择 帮助-诊断-检查;
此时将显示所包含有关选定字段信息的窗口,记下字段所在的块的名称,然后单击块值列表按钮,显示该表单的一组可用块,选择$DESCRIPTIVE_FLEXFIELD$,就可以看到说明性弹性域的名字;
然后在系统弹性域结构里面找到这个名字,就可以找到对应的说明性弹性域的结构了。

1077
说明性弹性域组件有哪4种段?
答:
–Global segment: Displays information that is common to all contexts 全局段
–Context-sensitive segment: Displays information that is appropriate only to a particular context 上下文相关段
–Reference field: A field on the application window whose value is used to determine contexts 参考字段
–Context field: A field in the structure whose value is used to determine contexts 上下文字段

1078
维护值集的值,一般包括哪5部分?
答:
–Value 值
–Translated value (translatable value sets only) 转换值
–Description 说明
–Enabled 是否启用
–From/To effective dates 有效日期

1079
什么是多组织?
答:
多组织是一种服务器端(应用和数据库)的增强,通过该功能可以使用单一安装的oracle软件。
多组织按照不同业务部门来保存事物处理数据和一些设置数据,并保证数据安全性。
–Multi-Org is a server-side (applications and database) enhancement that enables single installation of Oracle Applications.
–Multi-Org keeps transaction data and some setup data separate and secure by different lines of business.

1080
Oracle Applications R12 中,支持多组织功能的有哪13个产品?
答:
现金模块
销售订单模块
销售发运模块
销售订单释放模块
应付模块
租赁模块
项目模块
采购模块
应收模块
oracle销售模块
oracle市场模块
oracle服务模块
还有一个呢?

1081
多组织有哪6个功能?
答:
–Support multiple business units even if they use different ledgers 支持多个业务实体
–Secure access to data on a single instance by line of business 按照业务部门,为访问单一例程中的数据提供保护
–Define different organizational models 定义不同的组织模型
–Sell and ship from different legal entities 从不同的法人实体之间处理销售和发运
–Procure and receive from different legal entities 从不同的法人实体之间购买和接收
–Produce reports across entities or within a single entity 跨实体或在单一实体中产生报表

1082
什么是业务组?
答:
业务组对人力资源信息和采购审批层结构进行划分,可以对业务组进行设置,以建立合并企业、主要部门、或运营公司的模型,而不会对会计科目产生任何影响。多个法人主体可以和一个业务组进行关联,必须至少建立
一个业务组。安装时,系统默认的业务组是setup business group。
The represents the highest level in the organization structure, such as
the consolidated enterprise, a major division, or an operation company. The business
group secures human resources information. For example, when you request a list of
employees, you see all employees assigned to the business group of which your
organization is a part.

1083
什么是HR组织?
答:
主要用来区分人员管理。
HR organizations represent the basic work structure of any enterprise. They usually
represent the functional management, or reporting groups that exist within a business
group. In addition to these internal organizations, you can define other organizations
for tax and government reporting purposes, or for third party payments.

1084
什么是分类账?
答:
11i称为“帐套”,R12中称为“分类账”,有4C。
分类账在业务组和HR组织之下。
有主要分类账和辅助分类账。

1085
什么是法人主体?
答:
对应于真实世界中的按国家法律法规要求的注册的“法人公司”。
A legal company for which you prepare fiscal or tax reports. You assign tax identifiers
and other legal entity information to this type of organization.

1086
什么是业务实体?
答:
从企业实际业务管理需要的角度去看,业务实体OU可以看作是在系统中按照业务的相似性,把多个不同公司(包括LE)的业务处理过程及数据划分成相对独立的“管理单元”。在每个管理单元内部,各公司的业务运作共享相关数据并执行统一的业务策略。
An organization that uses Oracle subledgers, such as Oracle Cash Management, Order
Management and Shipping Execution, Oracle Payables, Oracle Purchasing, Oracle
Receivables, and related products. It may be a sales office, a division, or a department.
Operating units are not associated with legal entities. Operating units are assigned to
ledgers and a default legal context. Information is secured by operating unit for these
applications using responsibilities. Each user can access, process, and report on data
only for the operating units assigned to the MO: Operating Unit or MO: Security Profile
profile option. The MO: Operating Unit profile option only provides access to one
operating unit. The MO: Security Profile provides access to multiple operating units
from a single responsibility.

1087
什么是库存组织?
答:
库存组织的内涵远不是真实世界的“仓库部门”那么简单,它除了是有关“物料接收与发出”等业务功能的基础之外,更重要的是,它还是EBS系统有关计划(MPS/MRP)、在制品管理(WIP)、物料清单(BOM)等模块业务功能的操作与管理平台。
An organization for which you track inventory transactions and balances, and/or an
organization that manufactures or distributes products. Examples include (but are not
limited to) manufacturing plants, warehouses, distribution centers, and sales offices.
The following applications secure information by inventory organization: Oracle
Inventory, Bills of Material, Engineering, Work in Process, Master Scheduling/MRP,
Capacity, and Purchasing receiving functions. To run any of these applications, you
must choose an organization that has been classified as an inventory organization.

1088
什么是子库存?
答:
库存事务处理则以子库为中心,要么从某个子库出,要么从某个子库入;每个子库可以启用货位,也可以不启用,如果启用了,则事务处理时还必须选择货位。在不同的库存内,子库代码可以重复;在不同的子库内,货位代码也可以重复。
也就是说,Oracle仅仅是提供了这样的一个模型,至于如何和实际业务对应,就非常灵活了。比如:库存是个组织的概念,其比较“虚”,可指一个工厂或者独立的办事处、分公司这样的实体;而子库则通常代表一个真正的物理仓库,也可指仓库或车间的一块区域,还可以是虚拟的;货位可用来代表仓库的某一处空间或者货架,也可指车间的一个块区域。

1089
应用产品的数据安全性有哪五大类,5类划分的依据是什么?
答:
GL 以Ledger划分
FA 以Asset Book划分
HR 以Business Group划分
OM, AR, AP, PO, CE, PA,AS, SC, ASO, ASN, AST 以Operating Unit划分
INV, MFG 以Inventory Organization划分

1090
跨组织报告有哪3大类?
答:
–Report at multiple levels: 多层报告
Ledger
GRE/Legal entity
Operating Unit
–Security profile  安全性配置文件
MO: Top Reporting Level
–Enhanced reporting features: 增强的报告功能
Reporting Level
Reporting Context

1091
组织报告选择:分类账如何设置?
答:
–MO: Top Reporting Level is set to GRE/Ledger.
–Reporting Level parameter is set to Ledger.
–Reporting Context parameter is set to Ledger 1(具体分类账).

1092
组织报告选择:法人如何设置?
答:
–MO: Top Reporting Level is set to GRE/Legal entity.
–Reporting Level parameter is set to GRE/Legal entity.
–Reporting Context parameter is set to LE2(具体法人主体).

1093
组织报告选择:业务实体如何设置?
答:
–MO: Top Reporting Level is set to Operating Unit.
–Reporting Level parameter is set to Operating Unit.
–Reporting Context parameter is set to OU3(具体业务实体).

1094
跨组织报告主要优势有哪4个?
答:
–Ability to report across operating units for many reports 可以跨越多个业务实体,生成多个报表
–Simple reporting security setup 简易化报表安全性设置
–Financial reporting across business groups 跨越多个业务组生成财务报表
–Multi-Org reporting API for custom reports 自定义报表可以使用多组织报表API

1095
组织命名的13个注意事项分别是哪13个,一般如何进行编码?
答:
组织命名注意事项:没有找到…
一般编码如下:
Ledgers:
Ledger_
COB_
ROB_
BG_
HR_
LE_
OU_
Inventory Organization:
IO_
Organization:
GM_
VO_

1096
MOAC的6个优点分别是什么?
答:
–Enter Payables Invoices 可以输入应付发票
–View Consolidated Requisitions 可以查看合并申请
–Perform Collections 可以执行收账
–Process Receiving and Drop Shipments 处理接收和直接发运
–Customer Data Management 客户数据管理
–Accounting Setup 会计科目的设置

1097
MOAC设置有哪4步,对应流程操作有哪4步?
答:
SETUP
Define Operating Units. 定义业务实体
Create security profile. 创建安全性配置文件
Run Security List Maintenance. 运行安全性列表维护
Set profile options. 设置配置文件选项
PROCESS
Login and select a responsibility. 登陆并选择一个责任
Launch a Form. 启动表单
Application checks user’s access privilege. 应用产品检查用户的访问权限
Process data for Operating Units. 处理业务实体的数据

1098
MOAC 的相关性和交互反应有哪3个部分,5小点?
答:
–Oracle HRMS:   HR:
.Define operating units. 定义业务实体
.Set up Multi-Org Security Profiles. 设置多组织安全性配置文件
–Accounting Setup Manager: ASM会计科目设置管理器:
.Define operating units. 定义业务实体
.View all operating units assigned to the primary ledger. 查询已分配给主分类账的所有业务实体
–Oracle E-Business Suite products that use Operating Units: 使用业务实体的oracle电子商务套件的产品:
.Process data across multiple operating units using Multi-Org Access Control. 使用多组织访问控制MOAC才能跨多个业务实体处理数据

1099
工作流可以执行哪6类操作规则?
答:
–Create accounting based on your requirements 基于需求创建会计科目
–Route business documents internally for approval 处于审批的目的在内部发送业务单据
–Initiate an outbound message (queue an approved purchase order for transmission to a supplier) 启用出站消息(将批准的采购订单排队,并发送给供应商)
–Be started as a result of an inbound message (for example, an inbound Payables Invoice) 由入站消息进行启动(如入站的应付发票)
–Generate and send notifications that can be viewed from your personal home page or the Notifications Window 生成和发送通知,可以在个人主页或通知窗口查看
–Generate and send email to an email client (respond directly to notifications without accessing Oracle Applications) 生成并发送电子邮件(不需要访问oracle应用产品,即可直接回复通知)

1100
邮件通知可以实现哪三个功能?
答:
–The Notification System interfaces with the notification mailer program to send email notifications. 具有邮件通知程序的通知系统接口可以发送邮件通知
–Users can reply to email notifications by using their email client. 用户可以使用自己的邮件客户端来回复邮件通知
–A notification mailer can send an individual email for each notification, or a summary email listing all the outstanding notifications for a user.
通知邮件系统可以针对每个通知,给用户发送单个邮件,或者发送汇总邮件,其中列出所有未处理通知

1101
通知工作列表有哪5个功能?
答:
–View all open notifications 查看所有打开的通知
–View all FYI notifications (no response required) 查看所有FYI通知(无需回复)
–View all To Do notifications (require a response) 查看所有待办事项(需要回复)
–View all notifications 查看所有通知
–Reassign notifications 重新分配通知

1102
“工作流监控程序”Web 页有哪4个功能?
答:
–Allows you to search for a workflow process instance 搜索用于工作流流程的例程
–Display status information for the process instance 显示流程例程的状态信息
.Graphical depiction of the process status in a diagram
.Detailed information about individual activities and about the process as a whole
–Allows users to view their own workflows 用户可以查看自己的工作流
–Allows administrators to view all workflows, perform control operations, and handle errors 管理员可以查看所有的工作流,执行控制操作,并对错误进行处理

1103
预警有哪5个功能?
答:
–Send email message 发送邮件信息
–Submit concurrent program request 提交并发程序请求
–Run SQL script 运行sql脚本
–Run a SQL script that starts a workflow 运行启动工作流的sql脚本
–Run operating system script 运行操作系统脚本

1104
插入更新记录时,会启动事件预警,可以实现哪4个功能?
答:
–New Code Combination: Notify GL Manager as soon as a new account combination has been created.
–Shipment Confirmation: Notify a user as soon as a shipment has been processed.
–Supplier Hold: Notify Purchasing Manager as soon as a supplier has been placed on hold.
–Database monitoring: Inform the DBA as soon as database tables need more space and automatically allocate space.
新代码组合:一有新账户组合被创建,立即通知总账经理。
发送确认:一有发运确认得到处理,立即通知用户。
供应商暂挂:一有供应商暂挂,立即通知采购经理。
数据库监控:数据库需要更多空间,立即通知DBA,并自动扩展空间。

1105
预警可以执行哪4种活动?
答:
–Personnel: Show all employees terminated in the last six months (monthly)
–Payroll: Show current balance and vacation reported by month (monthly)
–Purchasing: Detect creation or edit of Vendor with nonstandard payment terms (weekly)
–Purchasing: Show all blanket agreements that will expire (daily)
人事方面:显示最近6个月离职员工的信息
工资单:显示当前剩余假期和各个月的休假记录
采购:显示是否使用了不标准的付款条件
采购:显示将要到期的所有的一揽子协议

1106
每日业务智能系统的涵盖范围包括哪12个?
答:
–Financials 财务
–Human Resources 人力资源
–Interaction Center 交互中心
–iStore 网店
–Marketing 市场营销
–Product Management 产品管理
–Projects 工程
–Purchasing 采购
–Quoting 报价
–Sales 销售
–Supply Chain 供应链
–Service Contracts 服务合同

1107
每日业务智能系统的报表组件有哪5个?
答:
–Overview Pages 概览
–Parameter 参数
–Responsibility 责任
–Region 区域
–KPI KPI

1108
Oracle Fusion Business Intelligence的功能有哪4个?
答:
–Embedded dashboards 嵌入式的面板
–Guided drilldown 引导式的追溯
–Integrated security 集成的安全性
–Guided navigation and action links 引导式的定位和活动链接

1109
集成安全性有哪3个?
答:
–Launch the Fusion dashboard from Application Navigator  通过应用产品浏览器启动fusion面板
–Shared responsibilities between EBS and OBIEE 在EBS和OBIEE之间共享责任
–Sign in only once in EBS 仅在EBS中登陆一次

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